HTTP

HTTP authentication uses an external self-built HTTP application authentication data source, and determines the authentication result based on the data returned by the HTTP API, which can implement complex authentication logic.

Plugin:

emqx_auth_http

The emqx_auth_http plugin also includes ACL feature, which can be disabled via comments.

Authentication principle

EMQ X Broker uses the current client related information as a parameter in the device connection event, initiates a request query permission to the user-defined authentication service, and processes the authentication request through the returned HTTP statusCode.

  • Authentication failed: API returns status code of 4xx
  • Authentication succeeded: API returns status code of 200
  • Authentication ignored : API returns status code of 200 with message body of ignore

HTTP request information

HTTP API basic request information, configure certificates, request headers, and retry rules.

# etc/plugins/emqx_auth_http.conf

## Certificate information required to enable HTTPS
## auth.http.ssl.cacertfile = etc/certs/ca.pem

## auth.http.ssl.certfile = etc/certs/client-cert.pem

## auth.http.ssl.keyfile = etc/certs/client-key.pem

## Request header setup
## auth.http.header.Accept = */*

## Retry setup
auth.http.request.retry_times = 3

auth.http.request.retry_interval = 1s

auth.http.request.retry_backoff = 2.0

Salting rules and hash methods

HTTP passes a clear text password in the request. The salting rules and hash method depend on the HTTP application.

Authentication request

During authentication, EMQ X Broker will use the current client information to populate and initiate a user-configured authentication query request to query the client's authentication data on the HTTP server.

# etc/plugins/emqx_auth_http.conf

## Request address
auth.http.auth_req = http://127.0.0.1:8991/mqtt/auth

## HTTP request method
## Value: post | get | put
auth.http.auth_req.method = post

## Request parameter
auth.http.auth_req.params = clientid=%c,username=%u,password=%P

When the HTTP request method is GET, the request parameters will be passed in the form of a URL query string; Under POST and PUT requests, it will submit the request parameters in the form of a common form (content-type is x-www-form-urlencoded).

You can use the following placeholders in the authentication request, and EMQ X Broker will be automatically populated with client information when requested:

  • %u:Username
  • %c:Client ID
  • %a:Client IP address
  • %r:Client Access Protocol
  • %P:Clear text password
  • %p:Client port
  • %C:TLS certificate common name (the domain name or subdomain name of the certificate), valid only for TLS connections
  • %d:TLS certificate subject, valid only for TLS connections

The POST and PUT methods are recommended. When using the GET method, the clear text password may be recorded with the URL in the server log during transmission.

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