# Download & install

Get the installation package via https://github.com/emqx/kuiper/releases or https://www.emqx.io/downloads#kuiper

# zip、tar.gz compressed package

Unzip kuiper

$ unzip kuiper-$VERISON-$OS-$ARCH.zip
$ tar -xzf kuiper-$VERISON-$OS-$ARCH.zip

Run bin/kuiperd to start the kuiper server

$ bin/kuiperd

You should see a successful message: Serving Rule server on port 20498

The directory structure of kuiper is as follows:


# deb、rpm installation package

Use related commands to install kuiper

$ sudo dpkg -i kuiper_$VERSION_$ARCH.deb
$ sudo rpm -ivh kuiper-$VERSION-1.el7.rpm

Run kuiperd to start the kuiper server

$ sudo kuiperd

You should see a successful message: Serving Rule server on port 20498

kuiper also supports systemctl startup

$ sudo systemctl start kuiper

The directory structure of kuiper is as follows:


# Run the first rule stream

Kuiper rule is composed by a SQL and multiple actions. Kuiper SQL is an easy to use SQL-like language to specify the logic of the rule stream. By providing the rule through CLI, a rule stream will be created in the rule engine and run continuously. The user can then manage the rules through CLI.

Kuiper has a lot of built-in functions and extensions available for complex analysis, and you can find more information about the grammer and its functions from the Kuiper SQL reference.

Let's consider a sample scenario where we are receiving temperature and humidity record from a sensor through MQTT service and we want to issue an alert when the temperature is bigger than 30 degrees celcius in a time window. We can write a Kuiper rule for the above scenario using the following several steps.

# Prerequisite

We assume there is already a MQTT broker as the data source of Kuiper server. If you don't have one, EMQX is recommended. Please follow the EMQ Installation Guide (opens new window) to setup a mqtt broker.

# Defining the input stream

The stream needs to have a name and a schema defining the data that each incoming event should contain. For this scenario, we will use an MQTT source to consume temperature events. The input stream can be defined by SQL language.

We create a stream named demo which consumes MQTT demo topic as specified in the DATASOURCE property.

$ bin/kuiper create stream demo '(temperature float, humidity bigint) WITH (FORMAT="JSON", DATASOURCE="demo")'

The MQTT source will connect to MQTT broker at tcp://localhost:1883. If your MQTT broker is in another location, specify it in the etc/mqtt_source.yaml. You can change the servers configuration as in below.

  qos: 1
  sharedsubscription: true
  servers: [tcp://]

You can use command kuiper show streams to see if the demo stream was created or not.

# Testing the stream through query tool

Now the stream is created, it can be tested from kuiper query command. The kuiper prompt is displayed as below after typing cli query.

$ bin/kuiper query
kuiper > 

In the kuiper prompt, you can type SQL and validate the SQL against the stream.

kuiper > select count(*), avg(humidity) as avg_hum, max(humidity) as max_hum from demo where temperature > 30 group by TUMBLINGWINDOW(ss, 5);

query is submit successfully.

Now if any data are published to the MQTT server available at tcp://, then it prints message as following.

kuiper > [{"avg_hum":41,"count":4,"max_hum":91}]

You can press ctrl + c to break the query, and server will terminate streaming if detecting client disconnects from the query. Below is the log print at server.

time="2019-09-09T21:46:54+08:00" level=info msg="The client seems no longer fetch the query result, stop the query now."
time="2019-09-09T21:46:54+08:00" level=info msg="stop the query."

# Writing the rule

As part of the rule, we need to specify the following:

  • rule name: the id of the rule. It must be unique
  • sql: the query to run for the rule
  • actions: the output actions for the rule

We can run the kuiper rule command to create rule and specify the rule definition in a file

$ bin/kuiper create rule ruleDemo -f myRule

The content of myRule file. It prints out to the log for the events where the average temperature in a 1 minute tumbling window is bigger than 30.

    "sql": "SELECT temperature from demo where temperature > 30",
    "actions": [{
        "log":  {}

You should see a successful message rule ruleDemo created in the stream log, and the rule is now set up and running.

# Testing the rule

Now the rule engine is ready to receive events from MQTT demo topic. To test it, just use a MQTT client to publish message to the demo topic. The message should be in json format like this:

{"temperature":31.2, "humidity": 77}

Check the stream log located at "log/stream.log", and you would see the filtered data are printed out. Also, if you send below message, it does not meet the SQL condition, and the message will be filtered.

{"temperature":29, "humidity": 80}

# Managing the rules

You can use command line tool to stop the rule for a while and restart it and other management work. The rule name is the identifier of a rule. Check Rule Management CLI for detail

$ bin/kuiper stop rule ruleDemo

If you'd like to know more about the project, please refer to doc home.